Saturday, April 20, 2024

SA meningococcal case confirmed

A case of invasive meningococcal disease has been notified in a man in his 20s from metropolitan Adelaide.

He has been admitted to hospital and is in a stable condition, SA Health said in a statement today.

The strain of meningococcal has been identified as serotype B.

SA Health has identified multiple people who had contact with the patient, of whom three people have been directed to receive clearance antibiotics.

Meningococcal health information has been distributed to contacts in accordance with theĀ Invasive Meningococcal Disease Communicable Diseases Network Australia: National Guidelines for Public Health Units, the health department said.

There have been seven cases of invasive meningococcal disease reported in South Australia this year, compared to four cases recorded at the same time last year. Of the seven cases, six are serogroup B, one is serogroup W.

A total of 14 cases were reported in 2022. Of the 14 cases, 12 were serogroup B, one case was serogroup Y, and one case was not serogroupable.

Symptoms and signs of meningococcal disease can include headache, fever, vomiting, neck stiffness, and discomfort when looking at lights. A skin rash may occur, with tiny red or purple spots that soon spread and enlarge to look like fresh bruises. At later stages of the illness people may develop confusion and shock.

In addition, children may be fretful, difficult to wake and refuse to eat. They may have leg pain, cold hands and feet, and a high-pitched or moaning cry. Children may also have pale, blotchy or abnormally coloured skin.

Vaccines are available to protect against various types of meningococcal disease. In South Australia, the meningococcal B vaccine is available and free for infants at six weeks, four months, and 12 months and in adolescents in Year 10.

The meningococcal ACWY vaccine is available for infants at 12 months and in adolescents in Year 10.

As vaccines do not protect against all types of meningococcal disease, vaccinated people must still be alert for symptoms of meningococcal disease.

For more information about meningococcal disease, visitĀ www.sahealth.sa.gov.au.

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